Blog Posts - Paleontology



Prehistoric humans dismembered and ate the bodies of children

photo: dailymail.co.ukA recent study conducted on the basis of paleontological discoveries in Spain, sketches a picture "horrror" morals 800,000 years ago: analysis of bones found in a cave suggest that prehistoric oamanii eating dismembered bodies o...
by Potent Scientia Est on Nov 23, 2016

Geological data provide support for legendary Chinese flood

Fourteen skeletons of victims killed by earthquake in Cave dwelling F4 at Lajia site excavated in 2000. This material relates to a paper that appeared in the 5 August 2016 issue of Science, published by AAAS. The paper, by A. Qinglong Wu at instituti...
by Geology on Aug 5, 2016

New old world vulture found from the Late Miocene of China

Fig.1 Reconstruction of Mioneophron longirostris. Credit: XU Yong Neogene fossils of Old World vultures (Aegypiinae and Gypaetinae) are known from Africa, Eurasia, and North America. The evolution of Old World Vultures is closely tied to the expansio...
by Geology on Aug 4, 2016

The first crocodile ancestors

Skeletal reconstruction of Carnufex. Credit: Public Library of Science Did you know that birds and crocodiles are practically cousins? Around 230 million years ago, you wouldn't have been able to tell the difference between the two different lineages...
by Geology on Aug 3, 2016

'Red gene' in birds, turtles suggests dinosaurs had bird-like color vision

Painted turtle.Credit: Nicole ValenzuelaA gene for red color vision that originated in the reptile lineage around 250m years ago has resulted in the bright red bird feathers and 'painted' turtles we see today, and may be evidence that dinosaurs could...
by Geology on Aug 3, 2016

New light shed on how vertebrates see

The fossil of a 300 million year old primitive jawless fish - a lamprey - about 6 cm in length. The eyes are the two dark circles on the right-hand side and are so well-preserved the retina and lens can be seen in high magnification. Its head termina...
by Geology on Aug 3, 2016

Examining embryo-like fossils from the Ediacaran Doushantuo formation, South China

The images show a 600-million-year old phosphatized animal embryo undergoing discoidal cell division. The size of the embryo is about 510 micron in diameter. The images are three-dimensional reconstructions based on volume data collected by high-reso...
by Geology on Aug 2, 2016

New fossil evidence supports theory that first mass extinction engineered by early animals

Fossils from Zaris site in Namibia: left, the discs are fossil remains of the holdfast structures that were holdfast structures for an Ediacaran species called aspidella; middle, bumps on the rock surface are the remains of burrows, called conichnus...
by Geology on Jul 30, 2016

Cancer on a Paleo-diet? Ask someone who lived 1.7 million years ago

Volume rendered image of the external morphology of the foot bone shows the extent of expansion of the primary bone cancer beyond the surface of the bone. Credit: Patrick Randolph-Quinney (UCLAN) Johannesburg, South Africa - an international team o...
by Geology on Jul 28, 2016

Tooth wear sheds light on the feeding habits of ancient elephant relatives

Interpretive illustration of proboscidean feeding ecology in the Late Pleistocene of southern China. Elephas (left) incoporates more graze in its diet; whereas Stegodon (right) is an obligate browser of fresh shoots and leaves. Credit: Nicola Heath H...
by Geology on Jul 28, 2016

NZ wren DNA analysis reshapes geological theory

Lyall's wren: an extinct acanthisittid wren, infamously reported as having been both discovered and exterminated by a lighthouse-keeper's cat.Credit: Public Domain, John Gerrard Keulemans (1842-1912)A DNA analysis of living and extinct species of mys...
by Geology on Jul 27, 2016

Before animals, evolution waited eons to inhale

Reinhard used computational modeling to track oceanic dissolved oxygen concentrations globally.Credit: Chris Reinhard / Georgia TechA couple of times in four billion years, evolution has slowed to a crawl. And an eon or so has passed before more comp...
by Geology on Jul 26, 2016

Scientists measure the air breathed by Earth's first animals

Scientists have directly measured the air that was breathed by Earth’s first animals for the first time. Credit: University of Aberdeen The discovery of an atmospheric time capsule has allowed scientists to directly measure the air that was breathe...
by Geology on Jul 26, 2016

First discovery a new extinct carnivorous marsupial

Illustration showing size comparison of Australian marsupials including new extinct species of carnivorous marsupial, Whollydooleya tomnpatrichorum, from New Riversleigh fossil site in Queensland.Credit: Illustration: Karen Black/UNSWA new species of...
by Geology on Jul 25, 2016

New index reveals likelihood of terrestrial or aquatic lifestyles of extinct mammals

Paleoparadoxia (left: Desmostylia, Paenungulata) and Ambulocetus (right: Cetacea, Cetartiodactyla) in two different ways of reconstructions-top: terrestrial/semi-aquatic; bottom: obligate aquatic. Credit: Fujiwara(2016) Researchers at Nagoya Univer...
by Geology on Jul 25, 2016

Beaked birds champions of the last mass extinction

Take cover! Image credit: Danielle DufaulA new study shows that teeth are not too good for you if you're a dinosaur trying to not go extinct.Around 66 million years ago, a time known as the end-Cretaceous, there was a massive extinction of life, with...
by Geology on Jul 22, 2016

Computed-tomography scans of 245 million-year-old fossil shed light on evolution of inner ear of birds, crocodiles

Figure 1. Fossil of the 240-million-old reptile Euparkeria from South Africa. The red arrow indicates the position of the braincase, inside of which the inner ear is located. Credit: Federal University of Santa Catarina Birds have a very successful h...
by Geology on Jul 20, 2016

Rocks chart Earth's recovery from extinction

Analysis of rocks unearthed in Oman that were formed in an ancient ocean around the time of Earth's greatest mass extinction have helped explain why life on Earth took so long to recover.Credit: D. AstrattiScientists have shed light on why life on Ea...
by Geology on Jul 20, 2016

For ancient deep-sea plankton, a long decline before extinction

A slab of rock from a study site in Nevada harbors many specimens of Metabolograptus extraordinarius, a shallow-water graptolite species, which together with some close relatives, replaced all the formerly dominant species following the end-Ordovicia...
by Geology on Jul 20, 2016

Aftermath of a mass extinction

A specimen of the newly identified fossil species Ticinolepis crassidens (above) and of the species Ticinolepis longaeva.Credit: Adriana López-ArbarelloA new study of fossil fishes from Middle Triassic sediments on the shores of Lake Lugano provides...
by Geology on Jul 20, 2016


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