A refinery is a production facility composed of a group of chemical engineering unit processes and unit operations used for refining certain materials or converting raw material into products of value.

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Latest Blog Posts for All About Refinery

  • How Fish Oil Helps With Breast Cancer ??
    on Jan 16, 2011 in Fish Oil
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  • Distillation Oil Refining
    on Aug 5, 2009 in Oil Refining Petroleum Crude Oil
    Crude oil, also called petroleum, is a complex mixture of carbon and hydrogen (hydrocarbons), which exist as a liquid in the earth's crust. Crude oil has many compositions, some is black, thick and tar like, while other crude oils are lighter in colo...
  • Cupellation
    on Jul 26, 2009 in Refinery Gold Cupellation
    Cupellation is a process used to separate noble metals such as gold or silver from base metals such as lead. It is often used to assay gold in order to test its purity. Sometimes cupellation is called "fire assaying." It was formerly the usual proces...
  • Treating and Blending the FractionsDistillated and chemically processed fractions are treated to remove impurities, such as organic compounds containing sulfur, nitrogen, oxygen, water, dissolved metals and inorganic salts. Treating is usually done by passing the fractions through the...
  • Chemical ProcessingYou can change one fraction into another by one of three methods: breaking large hydrocarbons into smaller pieces (cracking) combining smaller pieces to make larger ones (unification) rearranging various pieces to make desired hydrocarbons (alteratio...
  • PetroleumPetroleum (L. petroleum, from Greek πετρέλαιον, lit. "rock oil") or crude oil is a naturally occurring, flammable liquid found in rock formations in the Earth consisting of a complex mixture of hydrocarbons of various molecular weights, plu...
  • How Oil Refining Works
    on Jun 11, 2009 in Oil Refining Refinery Oil refinery
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  • Fractional DistillationPhoto courtesy Phillips PetroleumDistillation columns in an oil refinery The various components of crude oil have different sizes, weights and boiling temperatures; so, the first step is to separate these components. Because they have different boi...
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